Needless to tell, Everest Region is the home of the world’s tallest mountain: M.t Everest, as it holds all the riches that a trekker can possibly imagine in a single combo package.
The Everest Region is located in the north eastern region of Nepal in the Solukhumbu district of Sagarmatha zone, the zone deriving its name from the Nepali name of Mount Everest, known amongst the Tibetans as Chomolungma, got its english name from the welsh surveyor Sir George Everest who during his time in India as a surveyor was responsible for surveying and mapping of the Everest. M.t Everest belongs to the Mahalangur range including neighbouring peaks Lhotse 8,516 m (27,940 ft) Cho-oyu 8,201m (26,906 ft) which are the other two eight thousand meter peaks in the region besides Everest with Nuptse 7,855 m (25,771 ft) and Changtse 7,580 m (24,870 ft). The region is preserved and maintained as a part of Sagarmatha National Park (1,184 sq.k ) established in 1976 which was inscribed as the country’s first site to be enlisted in the UNESCO as a natural heritage .The national park harbors various kinds of firs, Rhododendron forests, bamboo and juniper at around an elevation of 3,500 m which cease to exist at 5,500 m as it falls under the permanent snow line. A black jumping spider species was found at an elevation of 6,720 m making them the highest confirmed non-microscopic organisms on earth feeding on insects supposedly blown by the winds. However it is still believed that microscopic organisms may yet be found beyond that elevation as birds such Chough and Bar headed Goose have been found flying at an elevation as high as 7,920m.
A kind of moss found at the elevation of 6,480m is believed to have been the plant found at the highest altitude.The national park is considered an important birdLife area as recognized by the Birdlife International a 118 different species of birds including Himalayan Monal, Blood Pheasant, Red Billed Chough and yellow Billed Chough. Other than that a number of rare mammal species like musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan Black Beer, Red Panda, Himalayan Thars, Langur monkeys, Martens and Himalayan wolves are also found in the park with adaptive biological behaviors typical to the snowy climates like adaptation to less oxygen, shorter limbs to ensure fat storage and the like.
The Everest expedition had been a luring ambition until 29 May, 1953 when Sir Edmund Hillary, a Newzealander and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa a Nepalese set foot for the first time on the top of the summit in human history after many unsuccessful attempts by many expeditions since Gregory Mallory's first British Reconnaissance expedition in 1921 had to fallback from an elevation of 7,005m which eventually tragically took his life after few other failed attempts since then in 1924 along with Andrew Irvine. Appealing as it may seem, the quest of Mount Everest, it is simple nonetheless,as it has taken the lives of 259 deaths as of 2014 along with the recent in 2014 the tragic demise of a group of 16 sherpas.
The Everest Region is most famous for its trek in 3 of its most famous and majestic Valleys.
The Khumbu valley which is famous for the Everest Base Camp trek, Tengbouche monastery hosting the Mani Rimdu Festival, one of the most spiritual places in all of region as it is a soulful, peaceful and blissful place for and the scalp of the mystical creature yeti in Khumjung .
The Gokyo Valley entails the 5 famous glacial lakes in the Everest Region, including the Gokyo Lake itself and the 5th Lake from which we derive our name.
The Thame Valley is another major trekking attraction in the Everest Region attracting lots of tourists to the monastery of Thame, the oldest in the Khumbu region hosting the famous Dumji Festival celebrated in other parts of Solukhumbu as well, like Junbesi. It can also be considered as a village of mountaineers as it is the childhood village of the first Everest summiteer Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and a record holding 21 times summiteer Appa Sherpa. Thame Valley is also the gateway to the trekkers going to the Everest region from Dolkha District using the Rolwaling Valley route.
These valleys can be explored using the 3 High Passes of everest as well as Dolkha District using the Rolwaling Valley route.